Calories In, Calories Out Is Only Part Of The Diet Equation

NYC Begins Enforcement Of Calorie Count Postings At Chain Restaurants

Underlying the obesity epidemic, many experts would suggest, is an expanding excess of calories. The caloric equation posits that weight gain arises when there is an energy imbalance with an excess of calories consumed over those burned in metabolic and daily activity. The calories in, calories out (CICO) model is the most widely accepted theory of obesity.

But the model is inherently flawed, as it is based upon a unit of measure; the calorie (referred by scientists as a kiloCalorie) may be both inaccurate and variable. The development of the calorie as a unit of food energy dates back well over a century to the work of early scientists using a bomb calorimeter. The caloric value for various foods was determined by combusting the food in a chamber as an approximation for the energy released through human digestion and metabolism.

But even with later modifications to the measurement, the calorie is at best an estimate of the maximal energy available in food, which is then influenced by variables in human health and digestion. Indeed, the calorie in itself is an inadequate tool to predict weight gain. And for dieters still clinging to the caloric equation, there are other important factors that need to be considered.

While the calorie is the maximal potential energy in food, it is the actual amount of energy released to the body that predicts weight gain. The bioavailable energy can be best defined as the “measured potential energy in calories” adjusted for the energy consumed through digestion and the effects of both the host’s metabolism and that of the bacteria housed in the gut known collectively as the microbiome. Indeed, two important adjustments must be made to the conventional calorie to better reflect bioavailable food energy: the work factor (the work required to release food energy) and …read more

Source:: The Huffington Post – Canada

Canadian Economic Growth Will Be Fastest Among G7 This Year, IMF Says

Rush hour traffic along the Autoroute Bonaventure in Montreal. Canada's economy is expected to speed ahead of its G7 counterparts, the IMF says in a new report.

OTTAWA — The International Monetary Fund expects Canada to lead the G7 for economic growth this year.

The IMF raised its outlook for Canada as part of its latest world economic outlook update.

It now expects the Canadian economy to grow by 2.5 per cent in 2017, up from its April projection of 1.9 per cent.

Story continues below

The IMF says it revised its 2017 outlook for Canada following strong growth in the first quarter and indications of “resilient second-quarter activity.”

However, it trimmed its outlook for Canada for 2018 to 1.9 per cent compared with its earlier forecast for 2.0 per cent.

The IMF says global economic growth is expected to be 3.5 per cent this year and 3.6 per cent in 2018, unchanged from the April forecast.

Also on HuffPost:

…read more

Source:: The Huffington Post – Canada

Canadian Infrastructure Bank Could Be Tool By Which High-Speed Rail Gets Built

An artist's rendition of a planned high-speed train in California, courtesy of the California High-Speed Rail Authority. Washington state is exploring the possibility of a high-speed rail network for the Pacific Northwest built with help from the Canada Infrastructure Bank.

OTTAWA — Washington state is exploring whether Canada’s new infrastructure bank could help finance a multibillion-dollar proposal for high-speed rail between Vancouver and the U.S. northwest.

The Trudeau government’s soon-to-be-launched, $35-billion infrastructure bank will seek to use public funds as leverage to attract billions more in private investment for major infrastructure projects, such as bridges, transit systems and rail lines.

The legislative blueprint for the infrastructure bank also allows for the use public money to help bankroll projects “in Canada or partly in Canada,” provided there’s a financial benefit and a physical connection to the country.

The state of Washington has taken notice.

It’s looking at the infrastructure bank as a potential financing option for a long-discussed high-speed rail connection between Portland, Seattle and Vancouver, says one of the governor’s senior policy advisers.

Story continues below

Charles Knutson, an adviser for Washington Gov. Jay Inslee, said Ottawa’s infrastructure bank will be analyzed as a financing option in an ongoing feasibility study for the rail proposal.

Earlier this year, Inslee committed US$1 million towards a cost-benefit analysis of the “ultra high-speed” rail line that would see trains run at speeds of at least 400 km/h. The final report is due in December.

“We’ve heard from some of our Canadian counterparts that that’s a tool that we could explore and we’re open to looking into that further,” Knutson told The Canadian Press in an interview.

“The fact that it is something that could support cross-border projects seems to be a good match, but we’d need to know more.”

He added that the cost-benefit analysis will provide a better sense of the scope of the project and help determine what kinds of financing options would be available.

The high-speed rail link has support from political leaders in the region and from the business community, including high-tech giant Microsoft. They see it as part of …read more

Source:: The Huffington Post – Canada